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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 167893 Find in a Library
Title: Plan for Estimating the Number of "Hardcore" Drug Users in the United States: Preliminary Findings
Author(s): R Simeone; W Rhodes; D Hunt; L Truitt
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Washington, DC 20500
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Office of National Drug Control Policy
Old Executive Office Building
Washington, DC 20500
United States of America
Document: PDF|PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study describes a method for estimating the number of "hardcore" drug users in the United States.
Abstract: Hardcore drug use is defined as the use of heroin, powder cocaine, or crack cocaine on 8 or more days during at least one of the preceding 2 months. The approach described here involves interviewing admitted hardcore users at locations where they are most likely to be found in substantial numbers, e.g., jails, drug treatment programs, and homeless shelters. The users are questioned about the characteristics of their drug use careers and the frequency with which they made contact with various kinds of institutions during some preceding period of time. The total number of contacts divided by the estimated rate of contact yields an estimate of the size of the hardcore drug using population. This approach produced estimates of about 333,000 based upon arrests, 318,000 based upon treatment admissions, and 53,000 based upon shelter stays. While these estimates should be treated with some caution, the shortcomings of the data do not challenge the basic finding of the study; the approach is feasible and appears to address the known limitations of conventional survey research. Tables, notes, figures, bibliography
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Drug abuse; Drug offender profiles; Drug research; Drug statistics; Drug treatment; Heroin; Homeless persons; Research methods
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