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NCJ Number: 167978 Find in a Library
Title: Decomposition and Graphical Analysis of Crime and Sanctions Data: A Cross-National Application
Journal: Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Volume:13  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1997)  Pages:97-119
Author(s): B Forst; J P Lynch
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 23
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article illustrates the utility of isoquant map analysis from the field of production theory in microeconomics for the analysis of criminal justice data.
Abstract: Cross-national comparisons of aggregate crime and justice data from the United States, England, and Sweden were used to demonstrate the ability of the isoquant map analysis technique to reveal important patterns that may be obscured by simple rate comparisons and multivariate treatments such as pooled time series analysis. For each jurisdiction, aggregate trends in criminal justice processing rates were systematically analyzed as a sequence of the following production processes: (1) gross imprisonment rates (prison population divided by resident population) were partitioned in terms of the crime rate and punitiveness (prison population divided by number of offenses); (2) punitiveness was partitioned in terms of severity and certainty of punishment; and (3) certainty of punishment was partitioned in terms of incarceration rate, conviction rate, arrest or clearance rate, and rate at which citizens reported crimes. The role of cross-jurisdictional comparisons of crime and justice data in assessments of criminal justice policies in the United States and elsewhere is examined. 19 references, 1 table, and 6 figures
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Criminal justice statistics; Data analysis; England; Foreign crime statistics; Incarceration; Punishment; Statistical analysis; Sweden; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons
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