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NCJ Number: 167986 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice: A System at Risk
Journal: Safeguard News and Views  Dated:(Fall 1994)  Pages:1,4-6,13
Author(s): G Mertz
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Boulder County Safeguard-Law Related Education Program
Boulder, CO 80306
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 93-JS-CX-0009
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The juvenile justice system is discussed with respect to its history, current policies, reform proposals, and the opinions of residents of a group home for adolescents.
Abstract: The United States has varied over its history between protecting and punishing youth accused of juvenile delinquency. The country has struggled to serve the best interests of the child and the needs of the community concurrently. In the Colonial period rejected the English common-law perception of children as chattel. The Body of Liberties prepared in 1641 extended legally enforceable rights to children and directed parents to maintain, educate, and protect their children. In the early 19th century vagrant and delinquent youth were locked up with adult criminals and misfits who schooled them for future crimes. Therefore, social reformers promoted a policy of rescue and rehabilitation over one of punishment for delinquents. The first juvenile court was established in 1899. Juvenile courts were informal. Challenges to the courts' subjective authority over juveniles began in the 1960's. The courts continued to extend and expand due process rights to juveniles in the 1970's and 1980's. Recent legislation gives prosecutors and juvenile courts increased discretion in imposing the adjust criminal justice system on juveniles accused of committing serious crimes. Both professionals and the public have proposed the abolition of the juvenile court system. Issues of juvenile justice will continue to be debated. Figure and statements from teenagers
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): History of juvenile justice; Juvenile justice system
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