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NCJ Number: 168003 Find in a Library
Title: Epidemiology of Alcohol-Related Problems in the U.S.: Concepts, Patterns and Opportunities for Research
Journal: Drugs and Society  Volume:11  Issue:1/2  Dated:(1997)  Pages:43-71
Author(s): R Caetano
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 19
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Epidemiological research on alcohol-related problems in the general population is reviewed with respect to methodological issues and findings regarding prevalence, incidents, and trends in problems in several population subgroups.
Abstract: The groups studied include men, women, Black Americans, and Hispanics. The main research approaches are measures based on clinical conceptions of alcohol abuse and dependence, aggregate measures of problems developed in survey research, and rates for specific alcohol-related problems. Comparisons across these measures are impossible. However, the epidemiological studies repeatedly reveal that men have higher rates of alcohol problems than women in the United States. Further data reveal that problems are concentrated among men in their twenties, any type of problem has only a moderate correlation to another type of problem, and heavy drinking is the strongest predictor of any problem. Many of the epidemiological findings described for men also apply to women. Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of alcohol problems among African Americans and Hispanics. Further research is needed on several topics. Tables and 48 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcoholism; Alcoholism detection; Drug effects
Note: DCC
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