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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 168352 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice Systems Facing the Challenge of Organized Crime: Section III
Journal: International Review of Penal Law  Dated:(3rd and 4th Trimesters 1996)  Pages:603-606
Author(s): J Pradel
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 4
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: France
Annotation: The impact of organized crime on criminal procedures is examined from an international perspective and with respect to the presumption of innocence, the search for evidence, and the protection of persons.
Abstract: International agreements such as the European Convention for Safeguarding Human Rights and the International Pact on Civil Rights specify the basic principles of the rule of law. The increase in organized crime raises the issue of whether these principles should be maintained or revised. Organized crime may push the reversal of the burden of proof beyond what has occurred under the ordinary law. Another issue is whether organized crime has resulted changes in the places where evidence can be sought, techniques of seeking evidence, and the organizations investigating the evidence. A further issue relates to laws regarding the protection of witnesses who collaborate with the criminal justice system in the investigation and prosecution of organized crime and whether these protections are greater than that for other crimes.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Criminal procedures; Foreign laws; Organized crime
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