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NCJ Number: 168517 Find in a Library
Title: Proximal Antecedents of Eloping and Reoffending Among Supervised Mentally Disordered Offenders
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:12  Issue:6  Dated:December 1997  Pages:794-813
Author(s): V L Quinsey; G Coleman; B Jones; I F Altrows
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 20
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Sixty mentally disordered male offenders who had escaped from a hospital or reoffended while under supervision were compared with 51 male offenders who had done neither.
Abstract: Subjects were matched on diagnosis, age, and supervision level. In addition to an actuarially based estimate of risk of violent reoffending and other static measures, proximal dynamic variables were coded from clinical file information. Seven dynamic variables differentiated absconders/recidivists from other patients after controlling for actuarial risk level and also differentiated the period preceding escaping or reoffending from an earlier period. These robust predictors fell into two groups: those that involved noncompliance with supervision and antisocial attitudes, as well as those that pertained to emotional dysphoria and psychiatric symptoms. Violent recidivists were best differentiated from their controls by a proximal factor labeled Dynamic Antisociality. Violent recidivists were more likely to be personality disordered, and absconders were more likely to be psychotic. The authors recommend that forensic clinicians design assessment and monitoring strategies in accordance with the dynamic predictors identified in this study. They should also consider this information in the design and implementation of clinical program elements and in the adjustment of supervisory arrangements for mentally disordered offenders who are entering the community reintegration phase of their rehabilitation. 4 tables, 2 notes, and 20 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Escape; Mentally ill offenders; Offender profiles; Recidivists
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