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NCJ Number: 168553 Find in a Library
Title: Culture, Masculinities and Violence Against Women
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:36  Issue:3  Dated:special issue (1996)  Pages:381-395
Author(s): J Kersten
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 15
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines standard gender neutral explanations of comparative criminology and reviews evidence for cultural and economic determinants in the construction of culture-specific gender relations and masculinities.
Abstract: The visibility of male-dominated criminal violence differs substantially from culture to culture, Accordingly, a perception of masculinity and male-dominated violence as monolithic categories is misleading. Australian, German and Japanese data display significant variations in the visibility of violence against women. In a conceptualization of "hegemonic masculinity" in the context of sexual assault the visibility of the rapist in Australia is interpreted as a consequence of economic and cultural crises of gender relations causing a transformation of hegemonic masculinity. Historical and political constellations in Germany and Japan result in the visibility of different features of male-dominated violence. As far as violence and masculinities are concerned, the study of variations is more promising than the continued use of a monolithic understanding of masculinity in the tradition of binary concepts of "male" and "female." Notes, references
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Australia; Comparative criminology; Criminology; Cross-cultural comparisons; Cross-cultural theories; Cultural influences; Gender issues; Germany; Japan; Politically motivated violent crimes; Rape research; Society-crime relationships; Violent men
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