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NCJ Number: 168604 Find in a Library
Title: Process Evaluation in Corrections-Based Substance Abuse Treatment
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:23  Issue:1/2  Dated:(1996)  Pages:67-78
Author(s): J L Wolk; D J Hartmann
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 12
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper argues that in order for a prison-based substance abuse treatment outcome evaluation to achieve reliability and validity, a process evaluation is central.
Abstract: The primary goal of a process evaluation is to establish and maintain program integrity. It ensures that a program is implemented according to the intended criteria and is achieving its objectives. Process evaluation consists of an ongoing review of the program's operational procedures, which are adjusted to evaluation outcomes. Procedures used in the process evaluation include site visits, group meetings, training programs and workshops, data collection and analysis, and indispensable program adjustments. As drug treatment programs within prisons become more likely, the need to conduct scientific outcome evaluations becomes imperative; however, as a history of such research efforts builds, it is increasingly evident that the structure and functioning of the program in its early stages in relationship to the important groups in the program establishment are crucial to generating reliable and valid outcome data. As part of the process evaluation, five groups within the correctional setting need to be considered: inmates, treatment staff, prison staff, prison administration, and the parole board. These five groups are discussed in this article relative to three stages of development of substance abuse treatment in prison: program policy making, evolution, and viability. 10 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Evaluation measures; Evaluation techniques; Evaluative research; Inmate drug treatment
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