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NCJ Number: 168642 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Collective Regulation of Adolescent Misbehavior: Validation Results from Eighty Chicago Neighborhoods
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Research  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:April 1997  Pages:227-244
Author(s): R J Sampson
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study determined the collective social control of children is important construct that should be added to theoretical accounts and research projects that stress social regulation in families.
Abstract: The study tested a neighborhood-level approach to what is often treated as a purely familial or within-household phenomenon, the informal social control of children. Study data were drawn from a multilevel assessment of 80 neighborhoods in Chicago. The theory of social disorganization and cognate theories of urban sociology guided the measurement of neighborhood constructs. Results showed that informal social control could be measured reliably at the neighborhood level and that several dimensions of neighborhood structure (concentrated poverty, ethnicity/immigration, and residential stability) explained a significant amount of the variance in child social control. Informal social control mediated 50 percent of the effect of residential stability on adolescent delinquency rates. Even after adjusting for prior neighborhood crime levels, informal social control emerged as a significant inhibitor of adolescent delinquency. Addition research is recommended to consider social regulation in families and its relation to the community context and to evaluate an integrated model that combines layers of social regulation at multiple levels. 36 references, 7 notes, and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Illinois; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Poverty and crime; Social control; Social organization; Sociological analyses; Urban area studies; Urban criminality
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