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NCJ Number: 168646 Find in a Library
Title: Case of Everyday Justice: Free Press v. Fair Trial in a Burglary Case
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:(1997)  Pages:1-22
Author(s): J L Miller; G Simons
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 22
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigates how the social structure of an everyday case affects adjudication and sentencing.
Abstract: The study, informed by Black's sociological jurisprudence, examined the pretrial media coverage of a local burglary case and how media reports influenced the attribution of guilt by individuals qualified for jury duty. The study used three research methods: a legal analysis of case documents, a qualitative content analysis of court and news media documents and a sample survey of persons qualified for jury duty. This research suggests that qualified jurors who consume media coverage of a local case come to court with a story that represents or resembles the state's case against the criminal defendant. Qualified jurors who remember a criminal suspect by name or status as a drug addict are likely to attribute guilt. The study provided strong empirical support for Black's theory of sociological jurisprudence: the social structure of the case, represented by adversary, lawyer and third-party characteristics, affected how a criminal defendant was processed through the court system. Notes, references, cases cited
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Fair trial-free press; Jurisprudence; Juror characteristics; Media coverage; Pretrial publicity; Public Opinion of Crime; Sentencing factors; Trials; Voir dire
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