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NCJ Number: 168818 Find in a Library
Title: Occupational Functioning of Correction Officers: Job- Related, Organizational, and Social Considerations
Journal: American Jails  Volume:10  Issue:2  Dated:May/June 1996  Pages:42-44
Author(s): A J Tartaglini; D A Safran
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 3
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A range of job-related, organizational, and social variables have significant effects on the occupational functioning of correction officers.
Abstract: Although job-related and societal influences may be difficult, if not impossible, to modify, significant change can be achieved in the organizational arena. Such change, however, is contingent on a given organization's critical self-awareness of how well it is facilitating the work of its officers. Failure to consider the effects of organizational variables on the officer can have an adverse impact on the overall functioning of a correctional facility. Selection, training, supervision, and continuous performance evaluation of entry-level and managerial personnel are of paramount importance in this regard. Also helpful is a teamwork orientation, wherein managers are encouraged to solicit feedback from officers and be responsive to their needs. Finally, an effective conflict-resolution procedure can prevent minor disputes from becoming major disruptions in the work place. Correctional institutions should monitor themselves and address these issues as they deem appropriate; however, those facilities that find this difficult may want to consider outside consultants who can provide an objective assessment of the organization. 7 references
Main Term(s): Correctional officer stress
Index Term(s): Job pressure; Organization studies; Social conditions; Social organization; Work attitudes
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