skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 168909 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Recidivism Among Sex and Non-Sex Offenders
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:25  Issue:1/2  Dated:1997  Pages:163-174
Author(s): Paul M. Valliant; Bryan K. Sloss; Lynne Raven-Brooks
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 12
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Valliant et al. (1991; 1992a; 1995) found that cognitive-behavioral treatment programs increased self-esteem and decreased hostility and resentment levels in assaultive and sex offenders; the current study examined the effectiveness of this treatment model as a function of offenses among sex offenders and non-sex offenders.
Abstract: A total of 71 male inmates were recruited, and analysis was completed based on three subject classifications: offense rate (recidivist, n=57; non-recidivists, n=14); offense type (sex offender, n=9; general offender, n=62); and treatment (treatment, n=44; control, n=27). A battery of psychometric tests was administered to evaluate personality, self-esteem, locus of control, criminal thinking, and cognition for each offender. The cognitive-behavioral treatment program used a combination of educational, social skills, and belief-restructuring. Multiple regression analysis showed that recidivism was a significant predictor of the change in pre- and post-indirect hostility measures. Recidivists showed an increase in indirect hostility over the 5-week treatment session. Treatment did not seem to reduce this behavior. The data also indicated that inmates with higher defensiveness scores showed an increase in assaultiveness and irritability over the 5-week treatment session. For offense type, general offenders differed significantly from sex offenders on four MMPI scales, including Consistency, Defensiveness, Depression, and Psychopathic Deviate. Overall, general offenders were more elevated on psychopathy and more depressed than sex offenders. Research limitations are noted, and suggestions for future research are offered. 3 tables and 20 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Cognitive therapy; Comparative analysis; Sex offender treatment; Sex offenders; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment techniques
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.