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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 169102 Find in a Library
Title: Experiencing Violence in a Developmental Context (From Children in a Violent Society, P 203-222, 1997, Joy D. Osofsky, ed. -- See NCJ-169092)
Author(s): S Marans; A Adelman
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Guilford Publications, Inc.
New York, NY 10012
Sale Source: Guilford Publications, Inc.
Marketing Manager
72 Spring Street
New York, NY 10012
United States of America
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In order to understand both a child's greatest areas of vulnerability to violent trauma and the phase-specific attempts at restitution and/or symptom formation, it is essential that the clinician consider nodal developmental constellations as they determine the specific experience of each individual child.
Abstract: Major sections of this paper focus on the developmental levels of various age groups, how they are likely to respond to violent experiences, and the therapeutic strategies that can best meet the developmental needs of the various age groups. The age groups addressed are infants and toddlers, preschoolers, school- age children, and adolescents. Case studies are provided for each age group. General advice is that the ways in which children negotiate the consequences of exposure to violence, bodily damage, and loss rely in large part on the capabilities of the people in their world to recognize and support attempts to work through the specific meanings, concerns, and restitutive attempts. When overlooked or misunderstood, children's attempts to ward off feelings of helplessness, guilt, or shame may have an enduring effect on adaptation and may derail the path of optimal development and functioning. 37 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child development; Psychological victimization effects; Victim services; Victims of violent crime; Youth development
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