skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 169248 Find in a Library
Title: Workplace Drug Testing Is Ineffective and Unfair; Random Drug Tests Do Not Ensure a Drug-Free Workplace (From Illegal Drugs, P 62-70, 1998, Charles P. Cozic, ed. - See NCJ-169238)
Corporate Author: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
United States of America

National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
New York, NY 10004
Greenhaven Press
Farmington Hills, MI 48333-9187
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
Washington, DC 20037
Sale Source: Greenhaven Press
P.O. Box 9187
Farmington Hills, MI 48333-9187
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: These two chapters present arguments against drug testing.
Abstract: Random workplace drug tests are often inaccurate, do not prevent drug use and violate workers' right to privacy. Millions of American workers are tested yearly, even though they are not suspected of drug use. Such tests are unable to measure workers' on-the-job performance and can fail to distinguish between legal and illegal substances. Drug tests do not prevent accidents because they do not address the root problems that lead to substance abuse. Hair tests and urinalysis are inaccurate and produce thousands of "false positive" tests each year. Hundreds of thousands of American citizens are having their livelihoods jeopardized by a test that is of dubious accuracy at best. In addition, lower courts have struck down as unconstitutional the random testing of police officers, teachers and firefighters. Because drug tests detect workers' past drug use instead of impaired performance, such tests do not ensure a safe or drug-free workplace and encourage a false sense of security in employers and supervisors.
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug abuse education; Drug Policy; Drug testing; Employee drug testing; Employer-employee relations; Hair and fiber analysis; Public Opinion of Drug Abuse; Substance abuse in the workplace; Urinalysis
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.