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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 169330 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Treatment and the Human Spirit (From Correctional Counseling and Rehabilitation, Third Edition, P 3- 22, 1997, Patricia Van Voorhis, Michael Braswell, et al, eds. - See NCJ-169329)
Author(s): M Braswell
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Anderson Publishing Co
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Sale Source: Anderson Publishing Co
Publicity Director
2035 Reading Road
Cincinnati, OH 45202
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The evolution of the study and practice of corrections has moved within the historical pendulum between retributive and rehabilitative philosophies, and the tension between the two philosophies has been considerable.
Abstract: Early efforts to provide correctional treatment attempted to influence offenders through religious instruction and reform. After the Civil War, these efforts evolved from teaching inmates to read the Bible to mass liberal arts and vocational education programs. Starting in the 1950's, the medical model was implemented as the treatment approach of choice. In this model, criminality was treated in the same manner as a physical disease. The behavioral science model later emerged, embracing some elements of the medical model but incorporating scientific methods applied to human behavior. Therapeutic communities in and out of prison enjoyed some popularity in the 1970's, and the just deserts approach also emerged in this decade. Regardless of the correctional approach, the quality and credibility of relationships between offenders and correctional treatment staff and significant others have a significant influence. In the context of relationships, important considerations are discipline, obedience, and behavioral change. An existential model for change is offered as a catalyst to explore the positive potential of the human spirit in correctional relationships. 1 figure
Main Term(s): History of corrections
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Corrections effectiveness; Counseling in correctional settings; Counseling techniques; Inmate Education Assistance Programs; Inmate staff relations; Inmate treatment; Inmate vocational training; Interpersonal relations; Medical model of offender treatment; Rehabilitation; Religious programs; Treatment techniques; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
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