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NCJ Number: 169408 Find in a Library
Title: Social Consequences of Self-Control: Testing the General Theory of Crime
Journal: Criminology  Volume:35  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1997)  Pages:475-504
Author(s): T D Evans; F T Cullen; V S Burton Jr; R G Dunaway; M L Benson
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 30
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article assesses the effects of low self-control on crime and analogous behaviors.
Abstract: Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime has received considerable empirical support. Researchers have found that low self-control, the general theory's core concept, is related to lawbreaking and to deviant behavior considered "analogous" to crime. This article extends the research by assessing the effects of low self-control on crime and analogous behaviors and by using two distinct measures of self-control, an attitudinal measure and the analogous/behavior scale. The article also examines the claim that low self-control has effects not only on crime but also on life chances, life quality and other social consequences. Consistent with the general theory, the article finds that both measures of self-control have effects on crime, even when controlling for a range of social factors. Analysis also reveals general support for the theory's prediction of negative relationships between low self-control and social consequences other than crime--life outcomes and quality of life. Notes, tables, references, appendix
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Attitude measurement; Behavior patterns; Behavioral science research; Crime causes theory; Criminology theory evaluation; Deviance; Personality assessment; Psychological theories; Self concept
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