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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 169423 Find in a Library
Title: Principles of Democratic Policing
Author(s): P B Heymann
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of State
Washington, DC 20520
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Conference Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After describing two types of democracies ("weak" and "strong"), this paper explains how the type of democracy is influenced by the type of criminal justice system; it then discusses what outsiders, such as the United States, can do to help develop an effective criminal justice system and thus a strong democracy.
Abstract: A "strong" democracy is supported by the strong demands of its people, and a "weak" democracy is maintained only by the fear its opponents share of the international repercussions of either a coup or the election of a nondemocratic party. Guatemala is an example of a weak democracy since the elected president's survival has depended on the good will of the Defense Minister, who has been chosen by the army. A strong democracy depends on a deep and widespread loyalty to democratic institutions by the public and all influential persons in positions of power. Policing or, more broadly, the law enforcement system plays a crucial role in building and maintaining the sense of effectiveness and fairness on which loyalty to democratic institutions depends. Criminal justice systems fail when system procedures are badly flawed; when case processing procedures regularly fail due to inadequate resources; when they are vulnerable to abuse by wealthy, powerful, influential or ruthless parties; and when the society itself is deeply divided. The United States can help build a stronger and fairer criminal justice system in a foreign country by providing financing for needed human and material resources, providing technical advice, providing hope and energy to a system that is despairing and immobile, and bringing international and domestic pressure to bear on local elected leaders and military leaders. Appended information on providing advice across law enforcement cultures
Main Term(s): Foreign police
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign government officials; Guatemala; Intergovernmental relations; Technical assistance resources
Note: National Institute of Justice Research Report, "Policing in Emerging Democracies: Workshop Papers and Highlights," Washington, D.C., December 14-15, 1995.
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