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NCJ Number: 169445 Find in a Library
Title: Adult Outcomes of Child Conduct Problems: A Cohort Study
Journal: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology  Volume:25  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1997)  Pages:65-81
Author(s): L Kratzer; S Hodgins
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research
New York, NY 10021
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: By examining an unselected birth cohort followed up to age 30, this study assessed the mental health and criminal records of 6,449 males and 6,268 females who presented conduct problems as children; the study's aim was to determine adult outcomes of child conduct problems.
Abstract: Conduct problems were defined by teacher ratings of behavioral problems and/or antisocial behavior in the community. There was little overlap in the children identified by teachers and by the community. These two groups of children were at differential risk for adult mental disorder. Seventy-six percent of the males and 30 percent of females with childhood conduct problems had either a criminal record, a mental disorder, or both by age 30. Risk ratios for adult criminality and/or mental disorders, however, were greater for females than for males with a history of childhood conduct problems. Almost all of the mental disorders involved severe substance abuse. Mental disorders and crime were strongly associated among males with a history of childhood conduct problems. Study results thus support the hypothesis that children with conduct problems who are identified either by teachers or by community agencies are at risk for crime and substance use disorders as adults. 7 tables and 47 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile to adult criminal careers
Index Term(s): Correlation of delinquency to adult crime; Longitudinal studies; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Mental illness-crime relationships
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