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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 169597 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Courts and the Role of Graduated Sanctions
Author(s): A Harrell
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Film
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This videotape describes court-based drug treatment as an alternative to incarceration and the use of graduated sanctions in the District of Columbia for pretrial drug-involved felony offenders.
Abstract: Key features of the pretrial program are early intervention, judicial involvement in monitoring the progress of defendants, frequent drug testing, and immediate access to drug test results. The program has a highly automated and sophisticated drug testing system. The program was evaluated based on treatment, sanctions, and standard or control dockets. Data were obtained on immediate outcomes and on drug use and criminal activity 1 year after sentencing and participation in drug treatment. The sample was 85 percent male and 95 percent black, two-thirds had prior convictions, and the median age was 31 years. Participants in the sanctions docket had to test clean twice a week or face graduated sanctions. Results showed 27 percent of sanctions participants were drug-free, compared to 11 percent of standard participants. About 11 percent of sanctions participants were rearrested, compared to 17 percent of standard participants. Evaluation findings on court-based treatment indicate assessment and multiple treatment options and strong incentives to participate are needed, treatment quality must be monitored, sanctions need to be swift and certain, and the process needs to be seen as fair.
Main Term(s): Drug Courts
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Computer aided operations; District of Columbia; Drug offenders; Drug testing; Drug treatment programs; Pretrial drug testing; Pretrial programs; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Recidivists
Note: NIJ Research in Progress. 46 minutes. PDF of NIJ Research Preview is provided.
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