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NCJ Number: 169639 Find in a Library
Title: World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Cuba
Author(s): R Michalowski
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 90-BJ-CX-0002
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides information and statistics on Cuba's criminal justice system, including its police, courts, and corrections.
Abstract: Cuba is a democratic-centralist state organized according to a Marxist-Leninist model. The Communist Party of Cuba is the only official political party. The national government is divided into executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The Cuban legal system is a composite of the three major stages of Cuban history. Reflecting its past as a Spanish colony, Cuba is a civil law state that emphasizes written codes rather than precedent as the source of law, as well as an inquisitorial system of criminal procedure similar to that of Spain and France. Intermingled with this are elements of Anglo-American law such as habeas corpus, as well as a greater separation of courts and prosecutors than is characteristic of Marxist-Leninist states. Thirty years of development guided by Marxist legal theory and shaped by close ties to the former Soviet Union have added a socialist character to the Cuban legal system. It emphasizes substantive rather than juridical measures of justice, the use of law as a proactive tool for socialist development, limited use of formal legal mechanisms for the resolution of private disputes, the use of informal "social courts" to resolve conflicts, direct citizen involvement in the judicial and crime-control procedures, and a system of state-organized law collectives to provide low-cost legal services nationwide. A section on crime addresses the classification of crime and crime statistics. A section on victims considers the groups most victimized by crime, victims' assistance agencies, the role of victims in prosecution and sentencing, and victims' rights legislation. Other sections focus on the structure and operations of the police, prosecutorial and judicial process, the judicial system, penalties and sentencing, prisons, and extradition and treaties. 34 references
Main Term(s): Criminal justice statistics
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Cuba; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; International extradition; International inmate exchanges; Victims in foreign countries
Note: US Department of Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program.
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