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NCJ Number: 169643 Find in a Library
Title: World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Japan
Author(s): T Moriyama
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 90-BJ-CX-0002
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides information and statistics on Japan's criminal justice system, including its police, courts, and corrections.
Abstract: Although Japan has a federal system of government, it is largely centralized and is divided into executive, legislative, and judicial powers. The Japanese legal system has been historically influenced by the Continental Laws (German Criminal Law and the French Civil Law); however, after World War II, the influence of American Law models has become more dominant in all areas of jurisprudence because of the closer relationship between the United States and Japan. Western laws were introduced by the government during a period of enthusiasm over the abolition of treaties with Western countries that contained unfair provisions for Japan. Laws that were imported to Japan were gradually reformed to adapt to that country. Thus, the Japanese legal system is a blend of the Continental, Anglo-American, and Oriental models. Stemming from a cultural aversion toward legal formalities, the Japanese informal system is based on mediation and arbitration. In this report, a section on crime discusses the classification of crime and crime statistics. A section on victims addresses groups most victimized by crime, victims' assistance agencies, the role of victims in prosecution and sentencing, and victims' rights legislation. A section on police focuses on administration, resources, technology, training and qualifications, discretion, and accountability. Other sections of the report encompass prosecutorial and judicial process, the judicial system, penalties and sentencing, prisons, and extradition and treaties. 5 references
Main Term(s): Criminal justice statistics
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; International extradition; International inmate exchanges; Japan; Victims in foreign countries
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=169643

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