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NCJ Number: 169644 Find in a Library
Title: World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: India
Author(s): R K Raghavan
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 90-BJ-CX-0002
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides information and statistics on India's criminal justice system, including its police, courts, and corrections.
Abstract: India's Constitution provides for a quasi-federal system of government. The President acts as Head of State. A Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister, aids and advises the President. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament. The country is divided into 25 States, each headed by a governor appointed by the Union Government. India's criminal justice system is a legacy of the British system. It has four subsystems: the legislature (Parliament), enforcement (police), adjudication (courts), and corrections (prisons and community facilities). The legal system is a mix of adversarial and accusatorial features. In civil law, there has been a conscious effort to respect and preserve the tenets of both Hindu and Muslim jurisprudence. An informal justice system operates in the rural areas in civil and family matters. One section of this report discusses the classification of crime and crime statistics. A section on crime victims addresses the groups most victimized by crime, victims' assistance agencies, the role of victims in prosecution and sentencing, and victims' rights legislation. The section on police focuses on administration, resources, technology, training and qualifications, discretion, and accountability. A discussion of prosecutorial and judicial process considers the rights of the accused and criminal procedures. Other sections describe the judicial system, penalties and sentencing, prisons, and extradition and treaties. 13 references
Main Term(s): Criminal justice statistics
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; India; International extradition; International inmate exchanges; Victims in foreign countries
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program.
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