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NCJ Number: 169653 Find in a Library
Title: World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Germany
Author(s): A A Aronowitz
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 90-BJ-CX-0002
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report provides information and statistics on Germany's criminal justice system, including its police, courts, and corrections.
Abstract: The Federal Republic of Germany is a federal state created by the German Federal Constitution. The nation consists of 16 states, each with its own constitution. The Federal Government and the states have concurrent jurisdiction, which includes police powers, cultural issues, local government matters, and the application of civil and criminal law. Laws are enacted by the Bundestag or Lower House of the German Parliament. The upper house (Bundesrat) is a representative body of the states based on their population. The legal system is guided by federal laws that apply nationwide. Those specifically applicable to the criminal justice system are the Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedures. The Federal Constitutional Court, the highest court in the land, can review and challenge the constitutionality of all statutes, including those that incorporate international treaties into German law. This report's section on crime considers the classification of crimes and crime statistics on murder, theft, rape, and drug offenses. A section on crime victims addresses the groups most victimized by crime, victims' assistance agencies, the role of victims in prosecution and sentencing, and victim's rights legislation. A section on police describes administration, resources, technology, training and qualifications, and discretion. Other sections of the report focus on prosecutorial and judicial process, the judicial system, penalties and sentencing, prisons, and extradition and treaties. 37 footnotes and 33 references
Main Term(s): Criminal justice statistics
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; Germany; International extradition; International inmate exchanges; Victims in foreign countries
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program.
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