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NCJ Number: 169743 Find in a Library
Title: Concentration of Liquor Outlets in an Economically Disadvantaged City in the Northeastern United States
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:32  Issue:14  Dated:(1997)  Pages:2033-2046
Author(s): D M Gorman; P W Speer
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assessed the extent to which liquor outlets concentrated in certain neighborhoods within one economically disadvantaged midsize city (Newark) in New Jersey.
Abstract: Mapping analysis disclosed that four neighborhoods, which occupied one-quarter of the residential land mass of the city and were home to one-quarter of the population, contained more than half of the city's retail liquor outlets. Three of the neighborhoods were very poor and had large minority populations. The neighborhood with the highest concentration of outlets, however, had one of the lowest levels of poverty in the city and was ethnically quite diverse. Limitations of the study include: (1) census data used in the study do not capture the cultural and normative factors that influence alcohol use; (2) the cutoff of 50 outlets per square mile was essentially arbitrary, while boundaries of neighborhoods are permeable; and (3) the choice of a poor city with a high proportion of minority residents may have skewed study findings. Future research should focus on the cultural norms governing alcohol use and how those norms are likely to vary across neighborhoods and how neighborhood residents feel about the concentration of liquor outlets. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Alcoholic beverage consumption; Demography; Economic influences; New Jersey; Social classes; Social conditions; Sociological analyses; Statistics; Urban area studies
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