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NCJ Number: 169774 Find in a Library
Title: World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Sri Lanka
Author(s): N H A Karunaratne
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 90-BJ-CX-0002
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This overview of Sri Lanka's criminal justice system encompasses political and legal systems, the nature and extent of crime, victims, law enforcement, the prosecutorial and judicial process, the judicial system, penalties and sentencing, and the prison system.
Abstract: The national legislative body of Sri Lanka is the Parliament, and the judicial branch of government includes the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the High Court, district courts, and magistrate courts. Sri Lanka has an adversarial justice system, based primarily on English common law, and the minimum age of criminal responsibility is 6 years. Crime statistics for 1991 indicate 1,561 murders, 313 attempted homicides, 374 rapes, 5,621 arson and mischief cases, 9,508 burglaries, 3,934 robberies, 11,149 property thefts, and 3,392 extortion cases were reported. A total of 49,212 persons were victimized in 1991. The police force in Sri Lanka is modeled after the British police and is largely centralized. Police officers are authorized to use force, stop and apprehend suspects, conduct searches and seizures, and elicit confessions. The prosecutorial and judicial process is concerned with rights of the accused and procedures for bringing suspects to trial. Trial judges impose sentences, and the following penalties are generally used: fines, imprisonment, probation, capital punishment, suspended sentences, community service, and institutional treatment. In 1991, the prison system was authorized to handle about 6,300 prisoners, but the daily average prison population totaled about 9,000. 16 references
Main Term(s): Foreign crime statistics
Index Term(s): Arson; Burglary; Community service programs; Crime in foreign countries; Extortion; Foreign correctional facilities; Foreign judicial systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; Homicide; Murder; Prison overcrowding; Property crimes; Rape; Robbery; Sri Lanka; Theft offenses
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program
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