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NCJ Number: 169778 Find in a Library
Title: World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems: Venezuela
Author(s): L Salas
Corporate Author: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12222
Grant Number: 90-BJ-CX-0002
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
School of Criminal Justice
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12222
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This overview of Venezuela's criminal justice system encompasses political and legal systems, the nature and extent of crime, victims, law enforcement, the prosecutorial and judicial process, the judicial system, penalties and sentencing, the prison system, and extradition and treaties.
Abstract: Venezuela is a limited democratic federal republic, and the legal system is based on a civil model largely influenced by historical European dominance. The age of criminal responsibility is 18 years. Crimes are classified according to crimes against national security, administration of justice, public order, public trust, preservation of public and private interests, the family and public morals, and civilian property. Crime statistics indicate the crime rate rose from 700 per 100,000 population in 1972 to 1,300 per 100,000 population in 1990. In 1990, 31,861 violent crimes, 184,126 property crimes, and 6,405 drug crimes were reported. Many people are victimized by crime because of fear and the perceived inability of Venezuela's criminal justice system to prevent crime. Victims do not have a role in sentencing unless they initiate the prosecution. The police force is organized according to a quasi-military hierarchy and includes urban police agencies, the National Guard, state police, and municipal and provincial police forces. Police officers are authorized to use force, stop and apprehend suspects, and conduct searches and seizures. The prosecutorial and judicial process is concerned with rights of the accused and procedures for bringing suspects to trial. The judicial system is composed of the Supreme Court, superior courts, trial courts, and special courts. Sentences are determined by trial judges, and possible penalties include fines, restitution, probation, and incarceration. Venezuela's 30 prison facilities are operated by the Ministry of Justice throughout the country, and the prison population is 40 percent over capacity. Venezuela has extradition treaties with most Latin American countries. 32 references
Main Term(s): Foreign crime statistics
Index Term(s): BJS Grant-related Documents; Corrections in foreign countries; Crime in foreign countries; Drug law offenses; Extradition; Foreign correctional facilities; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign judicial systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; Prison overcrowding; Property crimes; Venezuela; Violent crimes
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program
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