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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 169807 Find in a Library
Title: United Nations Standards and Norms in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Capital Punishment and Implementation of the Safeguards Guaranteeing the Protection of the Rights of Those Facing the Death Penalty: Report of the Secretary-General
Corporate Author: United Nations
Economic and Social Council
Cmssn on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 47
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations
Vienna, Austria
Publication Number: E/CN.15/1996/19
Sale Source: United Nations
Economic and Social Council
Cmssn on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Austria
Annotation: This report analyzes different countries' use of capital punishment, trends in its use, and implementation of offender safeguards recommended by the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
Abstract: The analysis used data from a survey that covered the years 1989-93 and from analysis of criminological research. The results were used to group countries into three categories. Those that did not contemplate the death penalty in their laws were regarded as abolitionist. Those that retained capital punishment for ordinary crimes but had not executed anyone during the last 10 years or more were considered abolitionist de facto. All the others were defined as retentionist in that capital punishment existed and was used. Results revealed that 43 of the 69 countries that responded to the survey were abolitionist. Twenty-six were retentionist, although 9 of these were considered abolitionist de facto. Compared with previous surveys, a lower proportion of all countries responding to this survey were retentionist. Since 1989, 25 countries have abolished the death penalty, 23 of them for all crimes whether in peacetime or in war. Responses varied regarding the implementation of safeguards for the protection of the rights of persons facing the death penalty and indicated that little if any action has been taken to give the safeguards prominence or to communicate them to those who might be concerned in capital cases. Appended tables and additional results
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign laws; Prisoner's rights; United Nations standards
Note: Item 7 of the provisional agenda, Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, 5th Session, Vienna, Austria, May 21-31, 1996
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