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NCJ Number: 170225 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Impacting Youth Violence and Gangs: Catalyzing Community Creativity Into Action
Author(s): S Seaman
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: California Cmssn on Peace Officer Standards and Training
Sacramento, CA 95816
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
POST Media Distribution Ctr
Sacramento, CA 95816
Publication Number: 22-0457
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

POST Media Distribution Ctr
1601 Alhambra Boulevard
Sacramento, CA 95816
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Police departments face challenges in attempting to address the complex issue of youth violence and gang activity, and trends that have converged to create an opportunity to deal with such challenges are identified.
Abstract: Three trends are noted: (1) philosophical shift within law enforcement from traditional policing to community policing; (2) increasing levels of youth violence and gang activity; and (3) emergence and increasing use of a problem-solving methodology known as Open Systems Planning for Action to address complex social issues such as youth violence and gang activity. An analysis of these trends explored community-based activities for young people that might emerge from police-community planning and design teams, the organizational infrastructure needed in large police departments to support an Open Systems Planning for Action model, and the impact of a results mapping model on the effectiveness of youth-focused community policing initiatives. Research was conducted in San Jose, California, and Baltimore, Maryland, and included personal experiences, interviews, and a literature review. Findings showed the Open Systems Planning for Action model and results-oriented evaluation were applicable to the issue of youth violence and gangs. The model demonstrated the potential to dramatically change community norms over time. 19 endnotes
Main Term(s): Police crime-prevention
Index Term(s): California; Community policing; Gang Prevention; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Maryland; Municipal police; Police community relations; Police effectiveness; Police juvenile relations; Trend analysis; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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