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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 170388 Find in a Library
Title: Unequal Justice? Offenders with Mental Retardation in Prison
Journal: Corrections Management Quarterly  Volume:1  Issue:4  Dated:(Fall 1997)  Pages:36-43
Author(s): J Petersilia
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 8
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article considers the problems for the corrections system of offenders with mental retardation.
Abstract: America's prisons now house an estimated 49,641 adults with mental retardation (MR), or about 4 percent of all inmates. Inmates with MR represent a complex, troubling, and increasingly costly issue for the Nation's prisons. Research shows that offenders with mental retardation do more time, do harder time, get less from their time in prison, and are more likely to be returned once released than persons who are not disabled. Sentencing low-risk persons with MR to intermediate sanctions appears to save money, poses little risk to the public and reduces recidivism rates. The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that all corrections agencies establish screening and rehabilitation programs specifically for offenders with MR. Such policies will create a fairer corrections system, one that provides equal opportunity, protection from victimization, and appropriate treatment. References
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); Corrections costs; Corrections management; Corrections policies; Diversion programs; Intermediate sanctions; Offenders with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Parole; Persons with cognitive disabilities; Recidivism; Special needs offenders
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