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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 170439 Find in a Library
Title: Drinking Problems, Alcohol Expectancies, and Drinking Contexts in College First Offenders
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:43  Issue:1  Dated:(Fall 1997)  Pages:31-45
Author(s): T O'Hare; M V Sherrer
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from 315 college students who were cited for the first time for breaking university rules regarding alcohol consumption formed the basis of an analysis of the relationship between self-reported negative drinking consequences and both expectations regarding alcohol and contexts involving excessive drinking.
Abstract: The research examined whether two subscales (socio-emotional problems and community problems) of the recently developed College Alcohol Problem Scale (CAPS) varied directly with three alcohol expectancies (social assertiveness, tension reduction, and enhanced sexual pleasure) measured by the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire. The study also used the CAPS to test whether these same alcohol problem dimensions varied directly with three drinking contexts (convivial), personal-intimate, and negative coping) as measured by the Drinking Context Scale. A secondary purpose of the study was to examine whether expectancy and drinking contexts varied differentially with alcohol problems. The participants attended a public university in the northeast. They completed the anonymous questionnaires between January 1995 and May 1996 as part of an adjudication process for having been cited by campus authorities for violating university rules concerning underage drinking. The analysis demonstrated the concurrent validity of CAPS with three subscales of the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire and the Drinking Context Scale. Students with high levels of socio-emotional and community problems were more likely to consume excessive amounts of alcohol across all three drinking contexts. Findings suggested the need for early intervention strategies designed to change beliefs concerning the effects of drinking and to examine situation-specific drinking risks. Findings also indicated the need individualized assessment as the basis for developing specific treatment objectives, as well as the use of cognitive-behavioral skill-based strategies to help youthful drinkers change unrealistic beliefs about drinking. Tables and 37 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse causes
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Drug abuse; Drug effects; Higher education
Note: DCC
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