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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 170468 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Risk Factors for Disruption in Primary Caregiving Among Infants of Substance Abusing Women
Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect  Volume:21  Issue:11  Dated:(November 1997)  Pages:1039-1051
Author(s): P Nair; M M Black; M Schuler; V Keane; L Snow; B A Rigney; L Magder
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01-DA07432
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study attempts to identify perinatal factors that are predictive of disruption of primary care among infants of substance-abusing women.
Abstract: The report presents results of a randomized longitudinal cohort study. One hundred and fifty-two mother/infant dyads were assessed for evidence of disruption of primary care or neglect during the first 18 months of life, defined by the mother's inability to provide care. The study analyzed neonatal characteristics, urine toxicology at delivery, maternal history of drug use, maternal depression, social support, and social and health history. Sixty-six infants (43.4 percent) had disruption in their primary care during the first 18 months of their life, 86 infants (56.6 percent) remained in the care of their mothers. Women who were younger, were heroin users, had two or more children, had other children in foster care, and reported depressive symptoms were least likely to provide ongoing primary care for their infant. Although all infants born to substance abusing women are at a high risk for disruption in the continuity of their primary care, maternal demographic and psychosocial factors present at delivery can predict which infants are likely to experience an early disruption in their primary care. Identifying these families can enable health care providers to monitor them more closely and, when appropriate, encourage support from the extended family. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Child emotional abuse and neglect; Children at risk; Children of drug abusers; Cohort studies; Controlled Substances; Drug abuse; Foster homes; Longitudinal studies; Prenatal biological influences
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