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NCJ Number: 170555 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Female Gang Involvement
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:35  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1998)  Pages:100-118
Author(s): G D Curry
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Washington, DC 20447
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0051
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This discussion of female involvement in gangs reviews the research literature, describes the three major research themes in the literature, and proposes a research agenda that offers examples of how a common set of theoretical issues might guide studies of both male and female gang behavior.
Abstract: The three themes that have emerged from the literature on female gang involvement are the need for a feminist perspective, changes in the magnitude of the problem, and the degree to which gang membership can be a form of liberation. An agenda for research on female gang involvement must overcome shortcomings of past research while building on the themes that have been central to that research. It should also be linked to major themes in the larger research literature on male gangs. An effective research agenda on female or male gang involvement needs to make the transition from simply describing gang behavior to developing and testing theories about gang behavior. In doing so, it must also move toward integrating research on gangs into the mainstream of research on delinquency and crime in general. Three theoretical themes that are particularly worth studying are (1) gangs and the theory of the urban underclass, (2) cultural factors and gangs, and (3) differences in levels of juvenile delinquency between gang members and nongang members. In addition, the recognition of the need for a feminist perspective may be the most important of the three themes noted from the literature, as a prelude to developing more useful theories of criminal behavior. 60 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Female crime patterns; Female deviance; Gang Prevention; Male female offender comparisons
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