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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 170603 Find in a Library
Title: Linking Community Factors and Individual Development
Author(s): F Earls
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This is a video of a description of NIJ-funded research in progress that is examining the impact of community characteristics on the attitudes and behaviors of the youth who live in various types of neighborhoods in Chicago.
Abstract: The study described by Felton Earls, one of the researchers, is a longitudinal study of cohorts of youth who were ages 9, 12, and 15 at the beginning of the study. Cohorts of 100 youths in each of 80 Chicago neighborhoods are participating in the study. The 80 neighborhoods have a diversity of characteristics representative of a cross-section of Chicago neighborhoods. Earls notes a conceptual problem in the study, i.e., the multiple pathways that can lead to delinquency in interaction with influences that can offset the development of delinquent behaviors. The problem for this study is to respect the variety of factors that impact delinquent and nondelinquent behavior while focusing on how neighborhood characteristics interact with individual and familial factors to fuel or impede antisocial behavior. The particular focal points of this longitudinal study are how exposure to violence in a community influences violent behavior in interpersonal behaviors, as well as how fear of violence produces certain reactions in social organization, such as the formation of gangs. The intent of this research is to identify correlations between neighborhood characteristics, particularly regarding violence and fear of violence, and the self-reported delinquent behaviors of the study cohorts over time. Questions from the audience are included on the video.
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Fear of crime; Illinois; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Social conditions; Violence causes
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