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NCJ Number: 170649 Find in a Library
Title: Crack in Context: America's Latest Demon Drug (From Crack in America: Demon Drugs and Social Justice, P 1-17, 1997, Craig Reinarman and Harry G Levine, eds. - See NCJ-170648)
Author(s): C Reinarman; H G Levine
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: University of California Press
Berkeley, CA 94720
Sale Source: University of California Press
2120 Berkely Way
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drug war rhetoric of politicians and the media has consistently attributed devastating consequences to crack and has not considered social, cultural, economic, and psychological variables that are essential for understanding drug use and its behavioral consequences.
Abstract: The term "drug scare" has been used to designate periods when antidrug crusades have achieved great prominence and legitimacy. Drug scares are phenomena in their own right, quite apart from drug use and drug problems. Crack appeared in late 1984 and 1985, primarily in impoverished inner-city neighborhoods in New York, Los Angeles, and Miami. Crack was a marketing innovation, a way of packaging relatively expensive powder cocaine in small inexpensive units. Between 1986 and 1992, crack was portrayed by the media and politicians as the most contagiously addicting and destructive substance known, and little attention was paid to psychological and social dimensions of drug abuse such as poverty and racism. The authors review the history of drug scares and drug control efforts in the United States, as well as studies on the sociology of drugs. They conclude effective and human responses to the drug problem depend on moving beyond "demonization" and pharmacological determinism toward more effective drug policy alternatives. 35 references and 6 notes
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): California; Cocaine; Crack; Cultural influences; Drug law enforcement; Drug Policy; Drug regulation; Drug use; Economic influences; Florida; Media coverage; New York; Political influences; Poverty and crime; Social conditions; Urban criminality
Note: DCC
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