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NCJ Number: 170657 Find in a Library
Title: Crack in Australia: Why Is There No Problem? (From Crack in America: Demon Drugs and Social Justice, P 194-213, 1997, Craig Reinarman and Harry G Levine, eds. - See NCJ-170648)
Author(s): S K Mugford
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: University of California Press
Berkeley, CA 94720
Sale Source: University of California Press
2120 Berkely Way
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Australia has not experienced a cocaine epidemic, and explanations for this are offered that focus on contingent factors and social-structural factors.
Abstract: There is some cocaine use in Australia but virtually no crack use, due in part to the country's social-structural features. While some individuals among the metropolitan middle and working classes use cocaine, Australia has not experienced a significant amount of urban drug trafficking because of greater racial tolerance and a stronger safety net for the poor. Drug supply in Australia is restricted by geography and by the absence of a class of people for whom crack is perhaps the only available means of material success. In addition, Australia has a less punitive regulatory system. Differences between Australia and the United States in drug regulation, supply, and demand and in resulting drug problems are related to political-economic differences. By taking care of its citizens, Australia has not created an environment where drug epidemics can take root. Additional theoretical information on cocaine and crack use and on drug effects is appended. 50 references, 5 notes, and 2 tables
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Australia; Cocaine; Crack; Crime in foreign countries; Drug effects; Drug regulation; Drug statistics; Drug use; Economic influences; Poverty and crime; Race relations; Social conditions; United States of America; Urban criminality; US/foreign comparisons
Note: DCC
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