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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 170911 Find in a Library
Title: Two Approaches to the Measurement of Adaptive Style: Comparison of Normal, Psychosomatically Ill, and Delinquent Adolescents
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:34  Issue:2  Dated:(February 1995)  Pages:180-190
Author(s): H Steiner; S S Feldman
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Biomedical Research Support Grant Program
Bethesda, MD 20892
Grant Number: NIH12507 05353-29
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study evaluated the discriminant validity of two self- report measures of adaptive styles.
Abstract: One of the self-report measures is the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI), which assesses distress, restraint, denial, and repressive defensiveness. The second self-report measure is the Bond Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ), which assesses immature, neurotic, and mature defenses. These instruments were administered to 272 adolescents: normal comparison group boys (n = 63); normal comparison group girls (n = 68); girls with psychosomatic disorders (n = 75); and incarcerated delinquent boys (n = 66). Multivariate analyses of covariance, analyses of covariance, and discriminant analyses (with socioeconomic status and age as covariates) were conducted. Findings indicate that adaptive styles from the DSQ differentiated the adolescent groups better than did the WAI styles. The measurement of adaptive style by the DSQ may be a useful adjunct to other measures of psychopathology and can assist in the assessment of risk, treatment planning, and treatment progress. In addition to using the assessment of adaptive style for the screening of adolescents with certain risk and resilience factors, the authors recommend the assessment of these variables in other aspects of clinical practice. Specifically, these measures can be used to refine the assessment of individual patients beyond assignment to descriptive diagnostic categories. The individual profiles of strengths and weaknesses will permit the tailoring of treatment packages that address specific problems and use existing strengths. Serial measurements of these variables in the course of treatment can also provide important clues about the psychological growth (or lack thereof) in an individual patient and provide a basis for altering the course of treatment. 29 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Psychological evaluation; Testing and measurement; Treatment offender matching
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