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NCJ Number: 170929 Find in a Library
Title: Self-Concept and Social Competence of University Student Victims of Childhood Physical Abuse
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:22  Issue:3  Dated:(March 1998)  Pages:183-195
Author(s): M A Lopez; R W Heffer
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of childhood physical abuse on self-concept and social competency of older adolescents and assessed perception of parental relationships as a mediator for consequences of abuse on social adjustment.
Abstract: A total of 600 college undergraduates completed the Social Skills Inventory, a measure of social competence; the Self- Description Questionnaire-III, a multidimensional measure of self-concept; the parent scales of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, a measure of perceived parental support; and the Assessing Environments-III, a retrospective report on family environment and parenting practices. Controlling for socioeconomic status and ethnicity, the analyses show that a history of physical abuse was predictive of current self-concept, but it did not predict social competence as an older adolescent. Further analyses lend support to a mediation model, suggesting that physical abuse has a negative impact on self-concept through its negative effect on parent-child relationships. Thus, physically abusive experiences in childhood results in a perception of lower levels of support from parents, which, in turn, leads to a poorer self-concept. Future research should focus on corroboration of self-reports of childhood abuse with more objective data; however, self-report studies do provide valuable information about subjects' perceptions of childhood discipline events. 1 figure, 2 tables, and 34 references
Main Term(s): Child victims
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Child abuse; Parent-Child Relations; Psychological victimization effects; Self concept; Socialization
Note: Portions of this study were reported at the meeting of the Texas Psychological Association in Houston, Tex., November 1994.
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