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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 170977 Find in a Library
Title: School Uniforms and Safety
Journal: Education and Urban Society  Volume:28  Issue:4  Dated:(August 1996)  Pages:424-435
Author(s): M S Stanley
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 12
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The use of school uniforms is examined in terms of policy issues and results of the policy of mandatory school uniforms in all 70 public elementary and middle schools in Long Beach, Calif. starting in July 1994.
Abstract: Policy issues related to school uniforms include legal concerns about requiring uniforms, the implications for parents who oppose uniform policies, and how to provide uniforms for children in families that are low-income or indigent. Courts have stricter dress codes, but legal opinion varies about how courts might decide on the constitutionality of mandatory public school uniforms. Among issues that school districts should consider before establishing a policy are whether everyone is involved in the process and what the consequences will be for not wearing a uniform. Longitudinal research on the Long Beach policy began in the spring of 1995 through a survey of students, teachers, administrators, and parents. Results from the first year indicate that the Long Beach schools are remarkably safer, although it is not clear that these results are entirely attributable to the uniform policy. Survey results indicate that adults, particularly school administrators, perceived that uniforms had a positive influence on student behavior. However, students reported that they did not feel safer going to and from school and did not believe that uniforms reduce behavior such as fighting or promote feelings of belonging to the school. Further research is examining the differing opinions of adults and students. 30 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): California; School delinquency programs; School discipline; School security; Uniform clothing; Violence prevention
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