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NCJ Number: 171175 Find in a Library
Title: Criminological Research and Reaction Upon Crime in Hungary (From EuroCriminology, Volume 10, P 121-141, 1996, Brunon Holyst, ed. - See NCJ-171167)
Author(s): J Vigh
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: Poland
Annotation: This article discusses criminology in Hungary before and after World War II and the country's reactions to crime.
Abstract: Criminology in Hungary prior to World War II basically followed Western European development, which considered offenders' personalities and social circumstances as well as their crimes. During the 10 years immediately following the War, Hungarian jurisprudence held that crime was extraneous to the social order, crime would cease to exist with the withering away of the state, existing crime could be traced back to somatic and psychic reasons and was a capitalist remnant, and criminals were enemies of the people and deserved punishment. From the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s, Hungarian criminology concentrated on causality; since then it has centered on crime prevention, reaction to crime and the problem of justice. Specific considerations include: establishing responsibility, justifying preventive measures, socioeconomic correlations, and victimology studies. The article considers theoretical trends and problems of today, including a neo-positivist or rationalist trend. Bibliography
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime control theory; Foreign crime statistics; Foreign criminal justice planning; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign laws; Foreign offenders; Government reactions to crime; Hungary; Reactions to crime
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