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NCJ Number: 171253 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Problem-Oriented Policing in Public Housing: Identifying the Distribution of Problem Places
Journal: Policing  Volume:20  Issue:2  Dated:(1997)  Pages:235-255
Author(s): L G Mazerolle; W Terrill
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0063
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study analyzed crime and disorder problems in 6 housing projects in Jersey City, New Jersey; 5 of the 6 projects ranked in the worst 10 street segments of Jersey City with high levels of drug and criminal activity.
Abstract: All of the projects were opened during the 1950s, and each housed between 500 and 2,500 people. In 1993, the projects were the target of 881 arrests--40 percent for drug violations, 9 percent for assault, 2 percent for robbery, and 48 percent for other offenses. Of all persons arrested, 22 percent were under 18 years of age, 89 percent were male, and 78 percent were black. Delineating common areas in the projects was an important first step in identifying places within the projects where crime problems existed. Crime problems were unequally distributed across projects and within project common areas. Crime distribution patterns could be partially explained by type of common area. High-rise projects had a greater proportion of common areas with drug and crime problems than low-rise projects. Walkways and playgrounds were common areas contributing to drug problems, and parking lots and walkways were common areas contributing to disorder problems. Buildings, however, were the most frequently cited common area generating drug problems in all six projects. Problems identified most frequently by study team members included drugs, loitering, lewdness, and graffiti. Implications of the findings for future problem-solving efforts in public housing projects are discussed. 47 references, 13 notes, and 13 tables
Main Term(s): Police crime-prevention
Index Term(s): Assault and battery; Drug law offenses; High crime areas; High rise building security; Multifamily housing; New Jersey; Problem-Oriented Policing; Public housing; Residential security; Robbery; Urban area studies; Urban criminality; Urban policing; Violent crimes
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