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NCJ Number: 171273 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Violence (From Critical Criminal Justice Issues: Task Force Reports From the American Society of Criminology, P 15-22, 1996, American Society of Criminology, ed.)
Author(s): A Blumstein
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of Criminology
Columbus, OH 43212
Sale Source: American Soc of Criminology
Criminology
1314 Kinnear Road
Columbus, OH 43212
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After reviewing the factors that have fueled the increase in youth violence over the last decade, this paper recommends Federal policies pertinent to guns on the street, guns in the market, drug treatment and prevention, and the socialization of youth.
Abstract: The "diffusion hypothesis" suggests that the growth in juvenile homicides results from the adoption within the larger community of behavior endemic to the drug industry, i.e., carrying guns and using them to settle disputes. The diffusion hypothesis is supported by the fact that, since 1985, the homicide arrest rates of both white and nonwhite juveniles have increased, respectively, by 80 percent and 120 percent, although there has been no evident growth in the involvement of white youths in the drug market. Regarding guns on the street, the Federal Government's primary role should be to offer technical assistance to localities that would like to pursue the task of getting guns out of the hands of juveniles, which requires stronger and more focused enforcement of existing legislation. Law enforcement has focused on the drug market while largely ignoring the market for illegal firearms. The challenge is a clear Federal responsibility because so much of the traffic in guns is interstate. Given the close association between gun violence and the drug market, measures should include increasing the resources and effort for drug treatment and prevention. In the long run, the Federal Government must face the widespread problem of socializing the increasing number of youth who see no hope for their economic future and are willing to take whatever risks are necessary to gain respect and earn an income. 5 figures
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Drug prevention programs; Drug treatment; Gun Control; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile gun ownership; Violence causes; Violent juvenile offenders
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=171273

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