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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 171405 Find in a Library
Title: Range of Research-Based Pharmacotherapies for Addiction
Journal: Science  Volume:278  Dated:(October 3, 1997)  Pages:66-70
Author(s): C P O'Brien
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 5
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Modern approaches to the treatment of drug addiction have been influenced by several important factors, including advances in the understanding of the nature of drug addiction based on longitudinal studies and progress in elucidating the biological basis of addictive behavior.
Abstract: Drug addiction is defined as a syndrome characterized by compulsive drug-seeking behavior that impairs social and psychological functions or damages health. Confusion about the diagnosis and prognosis of drug addiction stems from the fact that by the time an addicted person presents for treatment, complicating social and psychological problems frequently overshadow the addiction process. Further, psychiatric disorders commonly coexist with addictive disorders. As the understanding of the chronic nature of addictive disorders has developed, it has become apparent that treatment should be based on a chronic disease model. Research on detoxification, antagonists, anticraving medications, medications that block alcohol metabolism, and vaccines to treat addictive disorders is reported. The author concludes the treatment of drug addiction should be a high priority for the health care system. 55 references and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Drug dependence
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Drug abuse; Drug research; Drug treatment; Mental disorders; Psychological research
Note: DCC
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