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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 174050     Find in a Library
  Title: Disentangling the Effects of Gender and Intimacy on Victim Precipitation in Homicide
  Author(s): R B Felson ; S F Messner
  Journal: Criminology  Volume:36  Issue:2  Dated:May 1998  Pages:405 to 423
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 19
  Annotation: Because research indicates that incidents in which women kill their husbands are more likely to involve victim precipitation than incidents in which men kill their wives, a framework for disentangling the effects of intimacy and gender on violence is introduced that examines additive and multiplicative effects of offender and victim gender and the relationship between the offender and the victim on victim precipitation.
  Abstract: The study of homicide and other violent behavior is becoming increasingly specialized, and researchers have focused on such topics as spousal homicide, child abuse, and violence between strangers. The authors believe, however, that a narrow focus on specific forms of violence may inhibit the formulation of general theories of interpersonal violence. They propose formal models of the effects of gender and intimacy on homicide. For the most part, evidence supports the Gender Differences Model over other models. The probability of victim physical attack can be predicted simply on the basis of main effects of offender and victim gender, and the relationship between the victim and the offender is irrelevant. The tendency for women to kill their partners in response to an immediate violent provocation reflects the fact that they are women and their partners are men, and that men are more violent than women. The authors conclude important differences in patterns of homicide involving female and male partners reflect the powerful relationship between gender and violence. Appendixes contain additional data on the study of the effects of gender and intimacy. 28 references and 5 tables
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Female offenders ; Homicide ; Male offenders ; Violent offenders ; Violent women ; Male female offender comparisons ; Criminal justice research ; Female victims ; Violence causes ; Homicide victims ; Victims of violence ; Gender issues ; Violent men ; Male victims
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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