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NCJ Number: 180958 Find in a Library
Title: Prohibition, Alcohol, and Murder: Untangling Countervailing Mechanisms
Journal: Homicide Studies  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:February 2000  Pages:18-36
Author(s): Gary F. Jensen
Date Published: February 2000
Page Count: 19
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports the results of a multivariate time series analysis of the links among Prohibition, alcohol use, and murder.
Abstract: A common belief expressed in criminology and social problems textbooks is that Prohibition failed to lower alcohol consumption, compounded drinking-related problems, and escalated secondary problems such as murder. However, little or no research is cited in support of those claims. This article used statistics on homicide for the early 20th century to test three hypotheses: (1) Net of any effects of other variables, Prohibition is a significant negative correlate of alcohol consumption; (2) Net of the effects of other variables in the analysis, Prohibition is a significant positive correlate of homicide rates; and (3) Net of the effects of other variables in the analysis, alcohol consumption is a significant positive correlate of homicide rates. Variables included in the analysis were percent of the population in high-risk age groups, immigration, unemployment, and war. Findings were consistent with all three hypotheses. Figures, tables, references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis; Alcohol-crime relationship; Behavioral science research; Crime causes theory; Criminology theory evaluation; Homicide causes; Liquor law violations; Murder; Theory
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