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NCJ Number: 181822 Find in a Library
Title: Emerging Issues: Transnational Crime and Its Control (From Global Report on Crime and Justice, P 221-241, 1999, Graeme Newman, ed.)
Author(s): Phil Williams
Corporate Author: United Nations
United States of America
Editor(s): Graeme Newman
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Oxford University Press, Inc
New York, NY 10016
United Nations
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Oxford University Press, Inc
198 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10016
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The scope of transnational criminal activities is assessed, with emphasis on a variety of activities ranging from terrorism to software piracy.
Abstract: Specific transnational crimes mentioned in the paper include illegal migration, trafficking in women and children, trafficking in body parts, corruption, theft and illegal export of cultural property, theft and trafficking in automobiles, fauna and flora trafficking, computer crimes, software piracy, nuclear material theft and trafficking, and international terrorism. The author notes the dynamics of illicit markets are easy to identify but difficult to contain. Most of these markets are populated by a complex mix of actors, with transnational criminal organizations playing a large but not exclusive role. In the case of prostitution of women and children, for example, criminal organizations control a significant portion of the business and are instrumental in maintaining supply. Most illicit markets have become global in scope and generally involve the trafficking of illicit products from the developing world or nations in transition to the developed world. Several criminal activities, such as trafficking in people, have spawned lucrative cottage and service industries, especially in the forging of documents and end user certificates. Although governments are responding to transnational criminal activities, more efforts are needed. In particular, a central clearinghouse needs to be established with a focus on illicit market activities of all kinds and a recognition of cross-linkages and synergies that are being developed. 6 figures
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Art theft; Computer privacy and security; Computer related crime; Crime in foreign countries; Foreign crime prevention; Immigration offenses; International terrorism; Motor Vehicle Theft; Organized crime; Prostitution across international borders; Smuggling/Trafficking; Theft offenses
Note: International Crime
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