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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 181857 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Treatment in the Criminal Justice System
Author(s): Guy Schmidt
Corporate Author: Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
United States of America
Date Published: March 2001
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This fact sheet summarizes correctional system statistics, research, and drug treatment information, as well as information regarding ongoing projects that address drug abuse treatment in the criminal justice system.
Abstract: The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) estimated that of the $38 billion spent on corrections in 1996, more than $30 billion was spent incarcerating individuals who had a history of drug and/or alcohol abuse, were convicted of drug and/or alcohol violations, were using drugs and/or alcohol at the time of their crimes, or had committed their crimes to get money to buy drugs. The average cost per year to incarcerate an inmate in the United States was $20,674; in 1997, the Federal average cost was $23,542, and in 1998, the State average was $20,261. The Federal Bureau of Prisons provided drug treatment to all eligible inmates prior to their release from custody. In approximately 7,600 State correctional facilities surveyed, 172,851 inmates were in drug treatment programs in 1997, less than 11 percent of the inmate population. In 1998, 73 percent of local jails provided drug treatment or programs, with 32.1 percent providing detoxification, 29.6 percent providing drug education, and 63.7 percent providing self-help programs. This fact sheet discusses drug treatment modalities, the cost of treatment, the outcomes of treatment, and alternatives to incarceration for drug-abusing offenders. 22 notes and 8 tables
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Corrections costs; Cost/Benefit Analysis; Drug offenders; Inmate drug treatment; Treatment techniques
Note: ONDCP Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse Fact Sheet, March 2001
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