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NCJ Number: 181929 Find in a Library
Title: Community Service as a Cornerstone of a Systemic Restorative Response to (Juvenile) Crime (From Restorative Juvenile Justice: Repairing the Harm of Youth Crime, P 129-154, 1999, Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave, eds. -- See NCJ-181924)
Author(s): Lode Walgrave
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper develops arguments to broaden the concept of restorative justice to include the community as a party concerned so that restorative justice can become a full-fledged alternative to both the retributive and the rehabilitative approaches to crime; the analysis also focuses on the problems that this broadening produces.
Abstract: The literature often implicitly presents mediation and restorative justice as synonyms. However, the range of possible responses to crime through restorative justice should be more than attempts to settle constructively the conflicts and disputes between victim and offender. Many authors understand that the community in which the offense took place is also a concerned party and should be considered apart from the victim’s losses. However, introducing the community as a concerned party and community service as a sanction of restorative justice provokes specific problems and questions. These issues relate to the definition and role of community, the position of the government and its legal procedures, and the outcome of the intervention. Further research should examine socio-ethical, philosophical, and legal theory to develop a coherent normative theory to serve as a frame of reference to ensure correct application in practice and to guide experimentation with appropriate methods and techniques. The basic choice is between restorative justice as a form of diversion from existing systems and restorative justice as a path toward a full-fledged systemic alternative. The second option is preferable and requires attention to the problems discussed here. Notes and 49 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Community service order; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile rehabilitation; Juvenile sentencing; Punishment; Restitution
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