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NCJ Number: 181973 Find in a Library
Title: PTSD, Malevolent Environment, and Criminality Among Criminally Involved Male Adolescents
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:27  Issue:2  Dated:April 2000  Pages:196-215
Author(s): Brigette A. Erwin; Elana Newman; Robert A. McMackin; Carlo Morrissey; Danny G. Kaloupek
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Massachusetts Dept of Youth Services
Boston, MA 02108
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the occurrence of malevolent environmental factors (e.g., poverty and hunger), substance use, trauma exposure, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 51 male adolescent offenders recruited from juvenile treatment facilities representing the highest level of security in Massachusetts.
Abstract: Participants completed self-report instruments and semistructured interviews. Much of the information obtained was verified with records kept by the Department of Youth Services. The study results suggest that among male adolescent offenders, exposure to malevolent environmental factors and traumatic life events is common, and rates of PTSD are high. These results in concert with those of other studies (e.g., Burton et al., 1994; Steiner et al., 1997) suggest that exposure to potentially traumatic events and PTSD are important assessment targets in youth rehabilitative settings. The assessment methodology in this study was well tolerated by the study participants, and they specifically indicated little discomfort with disclosing exposure to adverse life experiences, either on surveys or during the interview. Accordingly, similar methods might be applied for clinical purposes. 2 tables, 1 note, and 48 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Environmental influences; Male juvenile delinquents; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Psychological influences on crime
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