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NCJ Number: 182124 Find in a Library
Title: Weapon Ownership and the Willingness to Respond to Threats With Violence: The United States and Japan
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:44  Issue:2  Dated:April 2000  Pages:164-177
Author(s): Paul C. Friday; John P. J. Dussich; Takayuki Okada; Akira Yamagami
Editor(s): George B. Palermo M.D.
Date Published: April 2000
Page Count: 14
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data collected in Tokyo and Mito, Japan, and in Charlotte, North Carolina, the impact of weapons on the willingness to use violence in a variety of defined scenarios was analyzed.
Abstract: As part of a larger project comparing social and cultural features of violence in Japan and the United States, the threshold of violence was investigated by having respondents react to a series of scenarios in terms of what they or the police would or should do under the circumstances. The three scenarios involved a threat on the street, a threat at home by a drunken acquaintance, and a threat at home by a stranger. In both countries, a survey instrument was mailed to the sample, with a response rate of 30.3 percent in Japan and 29.4 percent in the United States. American respondents were twice as likely as Japanese respondents to say they would use a weapon when confronted by a stranger, by a known acquaintance, or if someone illegally entered their homes. The stated willingness to use a weapon was significantly related to whether one owned a weapon for personal safety and being male in both countries. Logistic regression showed the likelihood of responding to a threat by physical force to be twice as great in Japan and nearly eight times as great in Charlotte if the respondent owned a weapon. Data support the thesis of a weapons effect that influences one's definition of the situation. 15 references, 1 note, and 7 tables
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Citizen gun ownership; Citizen gun use; Crime in foreign countries; Cross-cultural comparisons; Japan; North Carolina; Self defense; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons; Violent crimes
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