skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 182282 Find in a Library
Title: Normative Advice to Campus Crime Victims: Effects of Gender, Age, and Alcohol
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:14  Issue:4  Dated:Winter 1999  Pages:381-396
Author(s): R. Barry Ruback; Kim S. Menard; Maureen C. Outlaw; Jennifer N. Shaffer
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Three studies investigated the appropriateness of calling the police as a function of crime, victim, and subject factors.
Abstract: In particular, the studies focused on whether and how the victim's consumption of alcohol affected normative advice to report the crime compared to other options. All three studies were experiments in which subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 between-subjects conditions (study 1) or 12 between-subjects conditions (studies 2 and 3). Subjects' gender and age were two additional grouping variables. In all three studies, subjects judged the appropriateness of calling the police for each of nine crimes. Across the three studies, subjects viewed reporting the crime as more appropriate for female victims, for victims who were 21 or older, and for victims who had not been drinking. In addition, females were more likely than males to believe reporting to the police was appropriate; whereas males were more likely than females to favor some type of private action. Subjects viewed reporting as particularly inappropriate when the victim was underage and had been drinking. Results suggest that because of the perceived stigma attached to victims who have been drinking, even serious victimizations may go unreported. 4 tables and 20 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons; Campus alcohol abuse; Campus crime; Citizen crime reporting; Gender issues; Victim profiles
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.